Git is free, opensource online repository management software designed to work with Windows, OSX and Linux. You can create a local repository on your hard drive (called “working copy”) and track changes of your code by performing edits in the local working copy. Then push the local changes up to your hosted Git repository by means of git push command. Whatever commits you made on GitHub (repository hosting service) are done via using git commit command directly. Your code updates on GitHub server immediately whenever code is pushed there. You can also manage the downloads of source code from GitHub website for local copies or for specific files or folders only. Even though you are not allowed to host .exe files, that’s where Git has an answer for you too: Right after installing git on your machine, it automatically creates .github directory in root folder of your working copy so that you do not need to create new space for it every time you push changes from one location to another. In this guide I will show you how to get git installed on both Linux and Windows machines, how external repositories like GitHub or Bitbucket are used and how despite of the fact that other version control systems like CVS or Subversion might claim support for some.
In the programming world, you would think that publishing your code online and making it available for all to see would be a great idea. Unfortunately, engineering students often make the first mistake of opening their code in a public area through the Git repository, thus leaving them with a lot of work to do.That’s why we are here! We will walk you through migrating Github repositories to Google Code (GitHub) and advanced concepts such as private repos and personal access keys. Please have fun with this beginner tutorial
Mobile Verification Toolkit
Developed by Amnesty International Security Lab, Mobile Verification Toolkit or MVT is a collection of utilities to automate gathering of forensic traces used in identifying potential threats on Android or iOS devices. It was released recently in the context of the Pegasus project.
For iOS devices, MVT helps extract artifacts from iTunes backup and full filesystem dump. It also compares stored JSON results to provide indicators. For Android devices, MVT downloads all or non-safelisted installed APKs and checks the Android backup.
Using the MVT tool requires technical skills including understanding the basics of forensic analysis and using command line tools.
In order to install MVT, first install the dependencies using the following code:
For Linux: sudo apt install python3 python3-pip libusb-1.0-0
For MacOS: brew install python3 libusb
Post this, one can either directly install MVT from pypi with: pip3 install mvt
Or directly from sources:
git clone https://github.com/mvt-project/mvt.git
Find Your Motivation
It is almost impossible to game the GitHub Trending section:
GitHub’s definition (of trending) takes into account a longer term definition of trending and uses more complex measurement than sheer number of stars which helps to keep people from farming the system.
Founders often create startups based on problems they have personally encountered. With open-sourced code, you will likely be trying to solve problems that developer commonly have.
And since gaming the GitHub Trending section is almost impossible, you need a strong motivation – a big, common developer problem – to work on. So how do you stumble onto a developer problem?
Well, for starters you can participate in hackathons, build projects, and experiment with other projects. And you will soon find something which could be made into a library, something you could make a utility out of, and so on.
Your motivation for building your project could come from anywhere. In my case, I explore new Machine Learning papers daily on arXiv (an open-access archive for papers) and read the ones I find interesting. One such paper I read motivated me to build my Python package.
Another time, I was in a hackathon training a Machine Learning model and wanted to participate in other festivities. Our team then decided to build another open-source project called TF-Watcher.
So you see, you’ll likely find all sorts of issues you can work on when you’re building a project.
And just to note – when I say you should have a strong motivation, I do not mean the project should be really huge or really complex. It could certainly be a simple project that could make developers’ lives easier.
Think about it this way: if there was a project like the one you want to develop, would you use it? If the answer is yes, you have enough motivation to build the project, regardless of the size or complexity.
A man in Oakland, California, disrupted web development around the world last week by deleting 11 lines of code. —Keith Collins in How one programmer broke the internet by deleting a tiny piece of code
You might know about
left-pad , a very small open-source npm package with just 11 lines of straightforward code. But it was used by tons of developers around the world, which just reinforces what I was talking about above.
How to View the Source Code
Once you’ve found the GitHub repository that hosts the software’s source code, you’ll find that everything is organized in a basic directory tree. For files, GitHub makes viewing code very easy.
As a development platform, GitHub neatly formats source code through its web interface. Almost all reputable projects will include a README.md, which is a markdown file that displays helpful information about the repository and its structure. When you navigate to a repository, scroll down and you’ll see the contents of this file.
The repository’s README.md is important to check out because it often points users in the direction of the source code that they may be interested in. A repository can be filled with all sorts of code and other data, some of it completely useless to you, so this file is your roadmap.
Once you figure out where in the repository the code that you’re interested in is located, all you have to do is click through the repository’s directory tree to get where you want to go.
Clicking on a file will display it with the proper syntax highlighting.
For quick inspecting, GitHub’s web interface is great. However, for more complicated source code, you may want to view multiple files at the same time or over a long period of time. In this case, we recommend downloading and viewing the source code through a text editor, such as Sublime Text.
Tinode Instant Messaging Server
The Tinode Instant Messaging Server, on the surface, looks similar to WhatsApp or Telegram. Backed in pure Go, it is meant as a replacement for XMPP and Jabber. Its goal is to create a modern open platform for federated instant messaging, focusing on mobile communication. Additionally, in line with the recent controversies around privacy concerns, Tinode Instant Messaging Server aims to create a decentralised instant messaging platform that would be challenging for the government to track and block.
At present, Tinode is available in English, Chinese, Korean, Russian and Spanish.
Downloading The Source Code
Downloading a repository from GitHub takes just two clicks.
At the top of each repository, beneath the row displaying the total number of commits, branches, packages, releases, and contributors, you’ll see a green button labeled Clone or download. Click on it and select Download ZIP.
By default, this will begin downloading the current repository’s master branch as a ZIP file. When complete, all you need to do is extract the archive to a local folder on your computer. Then, using a text editor, you can open any of the repository’s files in a much quicker way that doesn’t require a browser.
If you aren’t an experienced coder, GitHub can be a little confusing at first. If you just think of it as an open directory of source code, with a readme at the top level, it’s not too intimidating. Viewing source code using GitHub is simple, both locally and through its web interface.
Google’s SDK to create user experiences for mobile, web and desktop from a single codebase, Flutter works with existing code. The open-source UI software development kit is used by developers and organisations across the globe. Flutter composting capabilities allows one to overlay and animate graphics, video, text and controls without limitations. It also includes a set of widgets to allow the delivery of experiences on both iOS and Android ecosystems.
Flutter works with any development tool and is a fully open-source project.
Does a similar project or tool already exist?
If it has not been done yet, and there’s a need for it, go ahead and start building it.
If something similar exists, is well developed, and is heavily used too, you might want to move on.
There are a huge number of open-source projects out there already, and it is quite common to find a repository doing similar stuff (more common than you would think). But you can still work on your project and make it better.
Open source is like a gift that everyone should receive. So if you are one of those people who benefit from open source software, but don’t know where to start, this article is for you. And by the end of it, you will be a developer too.