Get started in the world of programming. This book will expose you to the open source world and its concepts. You can complete the projects or use them as inspiration to create your own projects with whatever you have access to.
Read our beginner’s guide on how to get started with contributing to Open Source projects on github. The guide includes 10 awesome resources, tools and guides for newbies to learn how to open source and make their first contribution to a project. Also a list of 100s of open source projects for beginners that are organised by skill level so you can choose the one that suits you! Learn how to contribute to an open source project from scratch and build your coding skills in the process.
Git provides control over the source code, and GitHub is a platform which uses git version control to upload open source project to theirs cloud for sharing code to others. Git is local, and GitHub is cloud-based.
GitHub as a platform has helped developers in many ways, such as
- Sharing code with other developers.
- Collaborating with other developers around the world.
- Discussing ideas and features for the project.
- Other people can report an issue.
- Some developers can work on the issue.
- And Many More.
Contributor Covenant is a code of conduct for open source projects. By signing this code of conduct, the founders of the projects pledge to allow anyone to contribute to their project, regardless of “level of experience, gender, gender identity and expression, sexual orientation, disability, personal appearance, body size, race, ethnicity, age, religion, or nationality.”
Although this project has less than 1,000 stars on GitHub, its popularity shows by the more than 10,000 open source project maintainers who have signed the pledge, including Swift, Atom, AngularJS, RVM, Mozilla Webmaker, and the .NET Foundation. Contributor Covenant maintainers are currently looking for non-native English speakers willing to translate the pledge into other languages. If this sounds interesting to you, head over to this GitHub issue.
Suppose you are working in a group of developers on a single project. There is an original project file (let’s called it master). Each developer has a duplicate copy of the master, and everyone is working on different features. After each developer has completed his work, it’s time to add the source code to the master.
If everyone adds the code to master without knowing each other’s code, then there can be an issue such as
- Different structure of code.
- Some features will work, and some won’t.
- Create complexity in the source code.
- If the code isn’t backup, then it will hard to roll back changes.
- To solve such a problem, Git comes to rescue the developers.
Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficient.
In Git, version control tracks down every change in any file, which can be easily pushed to master. Since every change is tracked down, it becomes easy to go back to the previous code if there is a bug in the new code; otherwise, there will be a lot of trouble in manually removing code, making it compatible with the previous code again.
With the help of Git, every developer can work on a different branch and, after approval, can merge into master.
DuckDuckGo’s Instant Answers
For those of you who have never heard of it, DuckDuckGo is a privacy-conscious search engine that doesn’t track users. Instant Answers is a feature that provides answers without needing to open up a website.
Hundreds of people have already contributed to their instant answers, and there are plenty more suggestions on their ideas page.
DuckDuckGo offers good documentation to get you started and to recommend new users by creating cheat sheets. If you want to know what DuckDuckGo cheat sheets look like, just go to their website and type in “WordPress cheat sheet” to see the cheat sheet I developed as an example. If you get stuck, you can join their Slack channel and check out their wiki on GitHub.
30 Seconds of Code
In short, this is a repository of easily digestible data that can simultaneously be used to learn and contribute to beginners. This may not be a project that beginners can contribute to, but it is still a great start for people looking to grasp concepts.
There’s no doubt that Mozilla is one of the leading organizations in the world of open source. Contributing to Mozilla projects may not look easy at first glance—maintainers label beginner-friendly issues appropriately, but they’re hard to find because there are so many of them. Luckily, Josh Matthews has created a simple website called Bugs Ahoy that allows you to search through all of Mozilla’s bug reports to filter them to find the ones that are most relevant to your areas of interest.
TensorFlow projects are for those new developers who are interested in Machine Learning and Deep Learning. Beginners should ideally learn from some TensorFlow Tutorials and observe the official models before contributing to any project.
Currently, the GitHub TensorFlow Model Garden contains projects of Natural Language Processing and Computer Vision. These official models are a collection that uses TensorFlow’s high-level APIs and is to be properly curated, tested, and updated to keep up with the latest build. These models are also intended to be properly optimized so that they run the same or faster with each new build.
Pinax is an open source platform built on the Django Web Framework. It is an ecosystem of reusable Django apps, themes, and starter project templates. On their GitHub project page, they label easy issues with the first-timers-only label. Then, they have carefully documented each one so that you know what you should be doing.
Tens of thousands of people use GitHub to build amazing things together. All of their ideas are open to the world and they can collaborate with other talented people anytime, anywhere.